Discussion on Consultation Paper on City GDP Measurement Framework

Last Date Apr 01,2019 00:00 AM IST (GMT +5.30 Hrs)
Submission Closed.

“Dull, inert cities, it is true, do contain the seeds of their own destruction and little else. But lively, diverse, intense cities contain the seeds of their own regeneration, ...

“Dull, inert cities, it is true, do contain the seeds of their own destruction and little else. But lively, diverse, intense cities contain the seeds of their own regeneration, with energy enough to carry over for problems and needs outside themselves.” – Jane Jacobs

By most accounts, Indian cities exemplify Jacobs’s description of ‘lively’, ‘diverse’, and ‘intense’. There is a greater socio-cultural diversities in our cities with strong forces of assimilation and integration. Collectively, people in Indian cities contribute a far higher share in the country’s GDP than what their share in the national population. More than one study has confirmed the existence of ‘agglomeration economies’. This means that firms and people show higher productivity in cities. By 2050, India is likely to add 416 million population to the world’s urban population vis-à-vis 255 million for China. India’s rural population is likely to come down by a few million during the same period. All of these underline the status of Indian cities as the true ‘engine of growth’. Yet, Indian cities miss one thing that most other engines have – ‘a check engine light’.

In other words, there are very few tractable indicators of the economic activity in a city. The Central Statistics Office (CSO) releases all India GDP data disaggregated by rural and urban areas for selected years. There are a few other estimates available from private agencies and researchers but these are again either aggregate urban estimates, or one-off exercises. The lack of this critical data point has led the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) to appoint a team under Technical Assistance for Smart Cities (TASC) to conduct the following activities:

•Explore the availability of suitable data at the national, state and city level which can be used to
estimate city level GDP;
•Develop a framework to estimate city level GDP based on available data sets; and
•Estimate city GDP and adjust it suitably to reflect spatial productivity differences.

Several stakeholders are expected to benefit from these estimates including policymakers and planners, private sector and citizens and researchers. Policymakers will be able to use this data to plan for future infrastructure investments and raise finances for the same. The private sector will be able to use this data to complement public investment, strategize business decisions. They will also be empowered to identify ‘emerging city economies’ – i.e. future investment destinations, beyond the usual metropolitan suspects. Citizens may use this data to make migration decisions, and academicians and researchers will be able to exploit the data to undertake critical research in urban economics and planning. It would also foster a spirit of competition amongst the cities. Our cities are on a path of prosperity except that the economic progress remains unmeasured. We have made a benign attempt to generate annual city GDP statistics with the release of this framework document while recognizing the fact that it may be challenging.

This consultation paper presents the draft framework developed by the TASC, for city GDP estimation. We would like to invite your feedback/ suggestions/ recommendations on the proposed framework, using the feedback link provided on http://smartnet.niua.org/city-gdp or on MyGov by 31st March, 2019. We look forward to your participation in this journey.

Click here to read Consultation Paper on City GDP Measurement Framework

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shrikant chaudhary 1 year 4 months ago

जीडीपी मॆ कमी किस् कारनो सॆ हॊती है उन् कारकॊ कॆ द्वारा सिटी लॆवल् पर् हुऎ जीडीपी घाटॆ कॊ घटाकर् शुद्ध जीडीपी पता कर् सकतॆ है |

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BINAYA SAHU 1 year 4 months ago

dear PM In our Berhampur , Odisha due to some rumours the 10 rupee and small one rupee coins are not used in transactions and so these coins are now completely useless and lying near everyone neither the banks nor the administration is solving our problems . please Sir pay attention to this and solve our problem. chowkidaar binaya sahu Namo again 2019

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pooja ktaria 1 year 4 months ago

it is very imp. to work nd development in every field but most of the educated youth who want to do work are not able to get work .....govt. make policies for the youths but youth are still unaware about policies ....hatsoff to modiji he is the one who change the whole scenario nd focus on our education system but what about those who paased long time back nd still facing prob. for getting job? govt. should work for those too

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suniti sharma 1 year 4 months ago

Yes in today scenerio central government actively works on infrastructure projects...I would like to appreciate bjp government for doing well....
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