Discussion on Consultation Paper on City GDP Measurement Framework

“Dull, inert cities, it is true, do contain the seeds of their own destruction and little else. But lively, diverse, intense cities contain the seeds of their own regeneration, ...

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“Dull, inert cities, it is true, do contain the seeds of their own destruction and little else. But lively, diverse, intense cities contain the seeds of their own regeneration, with energy enough to carry over for problems and needs outside themselves.” – Jane Jacobs

By most accounts, Indian cities exemplify Jacobs’s description of ‘lively’, ‘diverse’, and ‘intense’. There is a greater socio-cultural diversities in our cities with strong forces of assimilation and integration. Collectively, people in Indian cities contribute a far higher share in the country’s GDP than what their share in the national population. More than one study has confirmed the existence of ‘agglomeration economies’. This means that firms and people show higher productivity in cities. By 2050, India is likely to add 416 million population to the world’s urban population vis-à-vis 255 million for China. India’s rural population is likely to come down by a few million during the same period. All of these underline the status of Indian cities as the true ‘engine of growth’. Yet, Indian cities miss one thing that most other engines have – ‘a check engine light’.

In other words, there are very few tractable indicators of the economic activity in a city. The Central Statistics Office (CSO) releases all India GDP data disaggregated by rural and urban areas for selected years. There are a few other estimates available from private agencies and researchers but these are again either aggregate urban estimates, or one-off exercises. The lack of this critical data point has led the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) to appoint a team under Technical Assistance for Smart Cities (TASC) to conduct the following activities:

•Explore the availability of suitable data at the national, state and city level which can be used to
estimate city level GDP;
•Develop a framework to estimate city level GDP based on available data sets; and
•Estimate city GDP and adjust it suitably to reflect spatial productivity differences.

Several stakeholders are expected to benefit from these estimates including policymakers and planners, private sector and citizens and researchers. Policymakers will be able to use this data to plan for future infrastructure investments and raise finances for the same. The private sector will be able to use this data to complement public investment, strategize business decisions. They will also be empowered to identify ‘emerging city economies’ – i.e. future investment destinations, beyond the usual metropolitan suspects. Citizens may use this data to make migration decisions, and academicians and researchers will be able to exploit the data to undertake critical research in urban economics and planning. It would also foster a spirit of competition amongst the cities. Our cities are on a path of prosperity except that the economic progress remains unmeasured. We have made a benign attempt to generate annual city GDP statistics with the release of this framework document while recognizing the fact that it may be challenging.

This consultation paper presents the draft framework developed by the TASC, for city GDP estimation. We would like to invite your feedback/ suggestions/ recommendations on the proposed framework, using the feedback link provided on http://smartnet.niua.org/city-gdp or on MyGov by 31st March, 2019. We look forward to your participation in this journey.

Click here to read Consultation Paper on City GDP Measurement Framework

All Comments
Showing 482 Submission(s)
Vaibhav Singh's picture
Vaibhav Singh 10 minutes 16 sec ago

Shares of gross domestic income: Corporate profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, domestic industries: Profits after tax with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments

Sreelakshmi S's picture
Sreelakshmi S 1 hour 8 minutes ago

As we know, now-a-days the degree of heat from the sun is increasing day-by-day. The problem with regard to the same will be equal to rural and urban peoples. As a remedy to the same, besides with all these industrial developments; we must ensure the development of nature friendly plots or sustainable growth of our atmospherical environment in urban areas through GDP scale system.

Sreelakshmi S's picture
Sreelakshmi S 1 hour 15 minutes ago

we create a plan or sketch of our day-to-day activities. While we are developing industries we make certain plan in association with certain calculations. It is mandatory to provide a city level GDP measurement in each and every system; even if it is economical, cultural and political etc. Within these we must include our environment. So we must use this GDP measurement system for the planning, development and calculation of Environmental Conservation also.

Reshma Arora's picture
Reshma Arora 1 hour 27 minutes ago

Directives to inhibit use of vehicles as Bullet, Boxer, tempos,trucks etc. in private societies is necessary towards efficiency, health and safety of citizens-the noise levels by such vehicles is hazardous and no permanent solution has been implemented inspite of talks/efforts by authorities; few have commented/observed[given the infrastructure&construction of the society]that the residences vibrate with the use of these vehicles' noise&is risky[details can be provided on request to official]

Aman pratap singh_3's picture
Aman pratap singh_3 3 hours 50 minutes ago

People of the once's country plays a vital role in increasing the GDP of any nation. Knowing about their contribytion is even important in the cities. I thank my honourable prime minister Narendra Modi ji for this initiative.

ravinder kumar_30's picture
ravinder kumar_30 15 hours 5 minutes ago

हमारी गवर्नमेंट अच्छा काम कर रही है इसके लिए हम लोग प्रधानमंत्री जी और उनकी कैबिनेट का धन्यवाद करते हैं

Rohit Tiwari Winbrand burhanpur (R k tiwari)'s picture
Rohit Tiwari Winbrand burhanpur (R k tiwari) 19 hours 28 minutes ago

जीडीपी को तीन तरीकों से निर्धारित किया जा सकता है, सभी को, सिद्धांत रूप में, एक ही परिणाम देना चाहिए। वे उत्पादन (lया आउटपुट या मूल्य वर्धित दृष्टिकोण, आय दृष्टिकोण या अनुमानित व्यय दृष्टिकोण हैं

तीनों में से सबसे प्रत्यक्ष उत्पादन दृष्टिकोण है, जो कुल में आने के लिए उद्यम के हर वर्ग के आउटपुट को पूरा करता है। व्यय दृष्टिकोण इस सिद्धांत पर काम करता है कि सभी उत्पाद किसी न किसी के द्वारा खरीदे जाने चाहिए, इसलिए कुल उत्पाद का मूल्य चीजों को खरीदने में लोगों के कुल व्यय के बराबर होना चाहिए। आय द